Skip to main content
A1 A1
State lawmakers gear up for tough decisions on water
  • Updated

PHOENIX — Gov. Doug Ducey and Arizona lawmakers appear finally ready to act on a more permanent solution to the fact that it’s hotter and dryer — and there just isn’t enough water to sustain the state’s growth.

And that could involve not only the state spending far more money than it has before but some creative solutions, ranging from piping and treating salt water from the Sea of Cortez to what is commonly known as “toilet to tap.’’

The consensus comes as prior efforts to stabilize Arizona’s water supply have come up short.

By a lot.

Facing a diminished supply of Colorado River water, lawmakers in 2019 adopted a “drought contingency plan.’’ It required Arizona and other states in the lower Colorado River basin to reduce the amount of water being taken from the river in an attempt to restore the level of Lake Mead to 1,090 feet.

Even Ducey conceded at the time that was just a temporary solution, designed to preclude further cuts until 2026, by which time there would be new plans.

As of this past week, however, the lake had dropped to less than 1,070 feet. That’s less than 200 feet above “dead pool,’’ the point at which no water would pass through Hoover Dam, cutting off not just that supply but also the electricity the dam generates.

In the interim, Arizona has enacted some other short-term fixes, like buying — or, more to the point, renting — the river allocations that belong to Arizona tribes, convincing them not to use their Colorado River allocations to keep Lake Mead from dropping any further. That included a $30 million infusion just this past October, on top of $40 million already provided to the Department of Water Resources for the same purpose.

But as hot temperatures and dry conditions continue, further action will be necessary.

“You can expect some big things on water,’’ Ducey told Capitol Media Services.

He said details will have to wait until Monday’s State of the State speech. But House Speaker Rusty Bowers, R-Mesa, said he envisions something more than the stop-gap measures of the past.

“Water is the determiner of growth in Arizona,’’ he said.

At the very least, what a new supply would do, said Bowers, is protect rural Arizona.

He noted that some urban communities are looking around for water supplies elsewhere as they seek to continue to grow.

“I don’t want to empty every aquifer in Arizona to build the central three counties and then not have anything,’’ Bowers said. More to the point, the House speaker said the state needs a really long-term solution.

“I’m looking at more than 100 years,’’ he said. And that means tapping a source that is going to be around — and available — for that long.

“The biggest body of water, while it is controlled by Mother Nature, at least it’s a slower impact, is the ocean,’’ Bowers said. “And so desalinization is a huge part of our future.’’

It’s also an expensive part.

Tom Buschatzke, head of the Department of Water Resources, has said the price tag could be perhaps $2,500 an acre-foot, about 0.7 cents per gallon. And even if the political issues of international water transfer could be resolved, he said that kind of project is seven to 10 years away.

Bowers said he is prepared to introduce legislation to allocate “a substantive amount of money.’’

How much?

“Much bigger than anything I’ve ever asked for,’’ he said, declining right now to put a dollar figure on it.

One factor that cannot be ignored is that agriculture uses 75% of all the water in the state.

Senate President Karen Fann, R-Prescott, said she doesn’t want to impair the industry. But she said there needs to be a recognition that it may not be sustainable.

A starting point, said Fann, are the current practices of flood irrigation: opening up a canal gate and letting the water run onto the property. That, she said, no longer makes sense.

So she wants to take a look at using some of the state’s surplus to provide grants to farmers to convert to drip irrigation. Fann said test projects on two 500-acre parcels show that water use can be cut by 25% without harming crops.

“We could take some one-time money to help some of our agricultural people convert over into more drip irrigation instead of the flood irrigation, that, in itself, could make a huge difference in the entire overall picture,’’ she said.

There are more radical solutions, all of which also involve money.

Fann said the state could buy up water rights “so we could put a plug in the dam, so to speak.’’

That leads to the other key option: If there isn’t a new supply and if conservation efforts don’t work, then it comes down to better using — and, more to the point, re-using — what the state already has.

Put another way, today’s sewage becomes tomorrow’s drinking water.

Buschatzke acknowledged the “ick factor’’ that may conjure up. So it comes down to rebranding.

“We don’t call it ‘toilet to tap,’” he said. “We call it ‘direct potable reuse.’”

Bowers said it comes down to convincing people that this is not something unusual.

“We do it now,’’ he said.

“We stick toilet water, A-plus water, in the ground at Granite Reef Underground Storage Project and pull it out in Tempe,’’ Bowers said. “I mean, it’s the same water.’’

What happens in between, he said, is a chemical and physical reaction.

“There’s stuff in the ground that eats bad stuff,’’ Bowers said. And he said it’s no different whether you use a natural filter like the earth or one that’s made by humans.

In fact, he noted, it’s how the astronauts keep their water supply.

Buschatzke said the state already is pursuing that toilet-to-tap, or whatever you want to call it, though very indirectly.

He said there is a plan for Arizona and Nevada to pay California to start using its own sewage, now dumped into the Pacific Ocean, for drinking water. In turn, California would leave more of its allocation in the Colorado River, helping to stabilize the level of Lake Mead.

There are other water-related issues for lawmakers to consider, like forcing those in rural areas to actually monitor and report how much they are pumping out of the ground.

That, in turn, leads to another controversial issue: Out-of-state and foreign interests effectively exporting Arizona water. That most visibly has taken the form of a Saudi Arabian dairy buying a farm and pumping water to grow alfalfa which is then exported to feed cows in that country.

But Bowers said it would be wrong to think of that as somehow stealing Arizona’s water. He said it’s no different than farmers here growing cotton to be exported to the rest of the country. Or, looking at it another way, Arizonans eating tomatoes that were grown with water from Mexico.

spotlight featured top story
CG woman takes weekly meals to the homeless
  • Updated

CASA GRANDE -- When JoRuth Spellman visits one of several homeless camps in Casa Grande, she’s immediately recognized and welcomed.

After more than five years delivering hot meals to the area’s homeless, she’s built a rapport with many.

“I’m easily recognizable by my long white hair,” she said. “And after five and a half years of doing this, they know me. They give me a hug and I talk to them a little, asking them what’s going on in their lives.”

Through her “Crock Pot Ministry,” Spellman delivers a hot, homemade meal to the homeless every Wednesday afternoon. If the weather is chilly, she takes donated scarfs, hats and blankets, shoes, jackets and other items to deliver along with the meals.

During the warmer months, she takes extra water and year-round, she offers hygiene items, washcloths, blankets and other things those without a home might need.

“Although most of the homeless know me, there are always a few who are new. They ask me who I am and what organization I’m with,” she said. “I tell them I’m just a community member wanting to help my brothers and sisters in the community.”


JoRuth Spellman of Casa Grande feeds area individuals a hot meal on Wednesday.

Spellman, who moved to the United States from South Korea in 1975, said she has a passion for helping others.

“It’s profoundly humbling to be out there serving people,” she said. “I cry sometimes when I’m out there. I feel that I have everything I need and they have nothing.”

Spellman makes about 35 meals on Wednesdays. Sometimes, when she has enough food, she’ll prepare additional meals on Fridays.

Each meal includes a meat item, side dish and usually a dessert. During cooler weather, she likes to make soups and stews.

“I give them good food,” she said. “I’m passionate about cooking and I feed the homeless food I’d serve my family.”

About 70% of the homeless she encounters in Casa Grande are familiar to her, having lived in the area for years. About 30% are new or passing though.

On any given day in Casa Grande, she estimates there are about 50 homeless people. Some are hidden, she said.

Over the years, Spellman’s “Crock Pot Ministry” has evolved.

For the first few years of the ministry, Spellman prepared the meals in her home, then took pots full of food to a Casa Grande park, serving large groups of people.

Now, she does all of the cooking in the St. Anthony of Padua Community Center kitchen, packaging the meals in individual to-go containers.

“I was able to keep serving people throughout the pandemic,” she said.


JoRuth Spellman often delivers hats, scarves, blankets and other items to the homeless along with home-cooked meals.

Now, rather than feeding a large group of people in the park, Spellman drives throughout Casa Grande, to the various spots where those without a home are found living.

“They tend to live in groups,” she said. “They know me and every Wednesday they look for me. They know I’m not there to judge them.”

While she knows many of the homeless, she said she often encounters new faces she hadn’t seen before.

She recently encountered a young mother living in her car with two young children.

“She had two children in the backseat. It’s heartbreaking,” Spellman said. “These are human lives. I just want to do what I can to help.”

Spellman usually works by herself, doing the cooking and meal delivery alone. But sometimes volunteers help.

St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Church now accepts donations for her “Crock Pot Ministry,” with 100% of the funds donated going to purchase food for the homeless.

Spellman said she’s happy to know that several area organizations and individuals are also working to help the homeless.

“I’d like to coordinate with others who are working with the homeless so we can spread out our resources and make sure we are not all going out on the same day,” she said. “I’d also like to encourage more people to step up and help the homeless. These are members of our community. They aren’t going anywhere.”

Those who wish to help Spellman or those who want to talk to her about coordinating services may reach her at 520-975-1415 or through email at

featured top story
Downtown CG buildings could become restaurant and brewery
  • Updated

CASA GRANDE — One of the larger empty storefronts in the downtown area of Casa Grande could soon become a catalyst for resurgent nightlife in the area.

The Arizona@Work building on Florence Street, next to the Food City grocery store, has been vacant since the state and county employment agency moved to a new location on Cottonwood Lane last year.

But Mike Angelo, founder of Chandler-based NK Development Group, confirmed his company had closed on the purchase of the property earlier this week, and the goal is to fill the space with multiple retail and dining options, including a brewery.

“Our vision is that the back storage building would be a cool place for a brewery or distillery,” Angelo said. “It could be a nice destination spot for folks to grab a meal.”

Angelo said they envisioned a brewery in the back building, a sit-down restaurant in the front along Florence Street and another two to three retail spaces.

The warehouse building in the back, facing Marshall Street, has been underutilized for years and was merely covered parking for office tenants.

Like many, Angelo lamented that current downtown restaurants close in the afternoon, leaving the area mostly dark in the evenings.

Angelo noted there are other empty buildings downtown that he’d like to see developed down the road.

“We want to use this project as a spark for the rest of the corridor,” Angelo said.

Although they did not have any specific names in mind yet, Angelo said that in the coming weeks they would be doing walk-throughs with brokers who had clients in the restaurant industry.

At one point it was rumored that the Ranch House brewery coming to Robson Ranch in Eloy might look to add a space in Casa Grande, that doesn’t appear to be an option for the Arizona@Work space.

Angelo said he is hoping to have leases signed within the next few months.

Before then, NK will put up banners on the building as a teaser of some kind — with possible renderings — during the upcoming Street Fair and Car Show on Jan. 22-23.